surgery of the liver bile ducts and pancreas in children

mark davenport

description

surgery of the liver, bile ducts and pancreas in children, third edition describes the modern approach to the diagnosis, management and surgery of childhood conditions of the liver and associated structures. the first edition was recognized worldwide as a landmark publication and helped to establish pediatric hepatobiliary surgery as a discrete subspecialty; the second was expanded to include pancreatic diseases, transplantation and trauma. this third edition is overseen by a new editorial team from two world-leading centers for children's liver surgery: king's college hospital in london, and lurie children's hospital in chicago. the book has been further expanded and updated by a team of international experts to take account of the very latest advances in research and practice.show more

atlas of gastrointestinal surgery volume 1

corinne sandone

description

the first edition of this superb atlas on surgery of the biliary tract, pancreas, and liver was published nearly 20 years ago. dr. cameron has revisited and updated this classic work to include laparoscopic techniques and to demonstrate new procedures and the current status of gastrointestinal surgical procedures. written for the experienced surgeon, this two-volume work is beautifully illustrated with anatomical watercolour paintings by co-author corinne sandone that elevate the work to a level not seen in other atlases. the goal of this volume is to present the alimentary tract procedures performed – and in some instances initiated – at the johns hopkins hospital in such a fashion that other alimentary tract surgeons can learn these techniques and perform them successfully.show more

robotic colon and rectal surgery 2017 principles and practice

vincent obias

description

the initial chapters discuss the start of minimally invasive surgery and robotics. subsequent chapters address starting up a robotics program and incorporating robotics into ones practice. the textbook next centers on specific robotic techniques or robotic management of certain disease processes. these chapters are written by experts in the fields and include multiple tables, illustrations, and videos describing the techniques where applicable. each chapter also discusses the current literature. the final chapters focus on the future of robotics, cost of robotics, and include other possible future platforms and as well as the new fda approved xi and sp intuitive surgical platforms. robotic colon and rectal surgery: principles and practice presents the first in-depth, cohesive and comprehensive approach to all aspects of robotic colorectal surgery.show more

gi surgery annual 2016 volume 23

peush sahni

description

the 23rd volume of this highly successful series includes new contemporary topics such as pet in hpb diseases, short gut syndrome, current status of extended lymphadenectomy in esophageal cancer, splenectomy for haematological disorders, postoperative liver failure, hipec, and current issues in surgery of pancreatic cancer. finally, the chapter on advances in gi surgery, like in each volume in the past, reviews the important new developments in the field. the gi surgery annual 23rd volume provides an overall round up of selected topics that are considered relevant and contemporary by the editors of the series.show more

difficult decisions in colorectal surgery 2017

neil hyman

description

this multi-authored book contains brief chapters devoted to one or two specific questions or decisions in colon and rectal surgery that are difficult or controversial. it is a current and timely reference source for practicing surgeons, surgeons in training, and educators that describes the recommended ideal approach, rather than customary care, in selected clinical situations. just like the other volumes in this series, the chapters in difficult decisions in colorectal surgery adhere to a specific format. this approach provides uniformity to the presentations, making it possible to identify useful material at a glance.show more

adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction 2016 from barretts esophagus to cancer

simone giacopuzzi

description

this book offers up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of the diagnosis and therapy of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (egj). as is appropriate in the era of multidisciplinary and multimodal treatment, the contributions of all the various specialists involved cooperatively in the treatment of egj cancer are thoroughly described. detailed attention is also paid to the significance of preneoplastic lesions, such as barrett esophagus. the final part of the book represents a surgical atlas documenting the techniques used in the egj region, with superb color images and stepwise description of procedures. against the background of the rapidly increasing incidence in egj cancer, especially evident in western countries, there is a need for greater uniformity in management strategies, which currently vary significantly across the world. this book provides appropriate guidance that will assist all practitioners involved in the diagnosis and treatment of egj cancers, including surgeons, oncologists, and radiotherapists.show more

pancreatitis medical and surgical management

peter b. cotton

description

pancreatitis: medical and surgical management provides gastroenterologists and gi surgeons, both fully qualified and in training, with a focused, evidence-based approach to the most exciting developments in the diagnosis and clinical management of pancreatitis. focusing mainly on the rapidly changing and innovative medical and surgical strategies to manage the disease, new surgical procedures such as endoscopic biliary intervention and minimally invasive necrosectomy to exciting new medical therapies like antiprotease, lexipafant, probiotics and enzyme treatment are all discussed. full colour throughout, with over 250 colour illustrations and with reference to the latest clinical guidelines from the aga, acg and uegw at all times, it is an essential consultation tool for all those managing patients with this increasingly common condition.show more

contemporary liver transplantation 2017 the successful liver transplant program

cataldo doria

description

contemporary liver transplantation provides a comprehensive review of the most crucial and provocative aspects of liver transplantation. it represents a unique source of information and guidance for the current generation of transplant surgeons that evolved from being pure clinicians into savvy administrators knowledgeable in every regulatory aspect governing transplantation. the book contains 35 chapters covering every single aspect of the surgical operation in the donors as well as the recipients of liver transplants. the pre-operative work-up, as well as the post-operative immunosuppression management and the treatment of recurrent diseases are addressed in detail. single chapters are dedicated to controversial issues like transplantation in patients diagnosed with nash, transplantation for patients diagnosed with hcc beyond milan criteria and usage of hiv positive donors. dedicated chapters on hcv, hcc, fhf and nash will make this book a unique resource for any health care provider part of the multidisciplinary liver transplant team.
the book goes beyond the analysis of the formal medical and surgical aspects of liver transplantation and introduces deep knowledge on key aspects of contemporary transplant programs, such as: physical rehabilitation, palliative care, pregnancy, the multiple requirements of regulatory agencies ruling transplantation, quality measurements for transplant programs, finance and liability. the book is organized in 9 sections focusing on each key aspect of liver transplantation. contemporary liver transplantation addresses the need and the questions of the multidisciplinary group involved including surgeons, hepatologists, anesthesiologists, infectious disease specialists, radiologists, transplant coordinators, financial specialists, epidemiologists and administrators.show more

multidisciplinary management of liver metastases in colorectal cancer 2017 early diagnosis and treatment

xinyu qin

description

this book focuses on early diagnosis and multidisciplinary treatment, which is the key to preventing the occurrence of the liver metastases in colorectal cancer, and to increasing the resection rate of the liver metastasis foci and the 5-year survival after surgery. this book is divided into five parts: the introduction, basics, diagnosis, treatment and prevention. it has 20 chapters in total, covering the latest advances in colorectal cancer liver metastases epidemiology, pathogenesis, molecular diagnostics, marker screening, imaging technology, surgery, chemotherapy and prevention, etc. it provides professionals with up-to-date and comprehensive information on colorectal liver metastases. this book is relevant for senior surgeons and physicians working in oncology, general surgery, chemotherapy, digestive medicine, liver medicine and hepatic surgery.show more

blumgarts surgery of the liver biliary tract and pancreas

william r. jarnagin

description

extensively revised with new illustrations, new clinical photos, and bonus videos from dr. blumgart's own collection, this two-volume classic text remains the most comprehensive and up-to-date resource on surgery of the hepatobiliary and pancreatic region. dr. william jarnagin and his team of internationally recognized surgeons continue the blumgart's tradition of excellence, bringing you the latest advances in diagnostic and surgical techniques. you'll find updates on the newest minimally invasive surgeries, new interventional diagnostic techniques, and complete coverage of all relevant diseases, including those seen in the tropics.show more

laparoscopic liver pancreas and biliary surgery textbook and illustrated video atlas

brice gayet

description

laparoscopic liver, pancreas and biliary surgery: textbook and illustrated video atlas is the perfect learning tool for all surgeons managing patients requiring advanced liver, pancreas and biliary surgery minimally invasively. this highly immersive text and video atlas will provide surgeons from trainee to advanced levels of practice, including, general surgeons, hepato-pacreatico-biliary surgeons, transplant surgeons and surgical oncologists, with a step-by-step, multi-media teaching atlas on performing laparoscopic liver surgery, anatomically correct, safely and effectively. the atlas will teach the surgeons to perform anatomic liver resections of each liver segment expertly and logically, and will cover lobectomies, extended resections, advanced laparoscopic pancreas surgery (including whipple) and other procedures. a special emphasis is placed on reproducibility of excellence in surgical technique. each video will be supported by outstanding illustrations for each technique and 3d renderings of the relevant anatomy.
the educational step-by step high-definition videos teach everything you need to know, including critical aspects like patient positioning, port placement, dissection and much more. led by the pioneers in laparoscopic liver, pancreas and biliary surgery, brice gayet and claudius conrad, the textbook-chapters will be authored by world experts and will contain surgical tips and tricks garnered from their unique experiences, to improve care, management of complications, relevant society guidelines and excellence in oncologic care for patients with hepato-pancreato-biliary cancers.show more

textbook of surgical gastroenterology volumes 1 and 2

pramod kumar mishra

description

textbook of surgical gastroenterology is a highly illustrated, two volume resource for residents and practising surgeons. divided into 124 chapters across ten sections, this comprehensive textbook covers a vast range of gastroenterological conditions and their surgical management. the book begins with a general section, covering imaging, infections and antibiotics, radiation therapy, nutritional support for hospitalised patients, statistics, and interventional radiology. subsequent sections cover specific parts of the gastrointestinal system, including oesophagus, stomach, pancreas, gall bladder, liver, spleen, and colon. each section begins with a chapter on anatomy, before covering the surgical treatment of various disorders. the penultimate section of textbook of surgical gastroenterology provides extensive information on liver transplantation, and the final section covers miscellaneous topics in gastroenterology. this book is enhanced by 1200 images, and includes two dvds with guidance on seven surgical procedures.
key points * two volume guide to gastroenterological surgery, incorporating a vast range of conditions *124 chapters across ten sections covering the entire gastrointestinal system * separate section devoted to liver transplantation *1200 images and two dvdsshow more

pediatric digestive surgery 2017

mario lima

description

this book presents and explains the latest developments in surgery for congenital digestive tract malformations, tumors, abdominal trauma, and the most important acquired digestive disorders. particular attention is paid to minimally invasive and innovative techniques. in addition to clear descriptions of the surgical procedures that highlight useful tips and tricks, for each condition the clinical presentation is well illustrated and information is provided on pathogenesis. the book also includes general chapters that address the anatomy of the abdomen in children, diagnostic issues, the problem of clinical nutrition, and other aspects of management in pediatric patients with gastrointestinal pathologies. pediatric digestive surgery will serve as a comprehensive and up-to-date reference for all pediatric surgeons. it will provide the trainee with easily understood, concise guidance while offering the more experienced surgeon valuable updates on the latest thinking and practice in the field.show more

management of fecal incontinence 2016 current treatment approaches and future perspectives

massimo mongardini

description

this book presents state of the art knowledge regarding the pathophysiology and diagnosis of fecal incontinence and describes and illustrates all relevant treatment techniques. in addition to the approaches that have been the mainstay of treatment of fecal incontinence to date, it covers recent innovations and emerging options, including neurostimulation, pioneering techniques exploiting the potential of stem cells, biofeedback training, reconstructive surgery, and advances in biomedical engineering applicable to replacement surgery. fecal incontinence is a common, socially debilitating disorder of multifactorial etiology that poses many management challenges. this book will assist all relevant medical specialists, including surgeons, neurologists, gastroenterologists, urogynecologists, and other clinicians, in achieving correct and timely diagnosis and delivering effective therapy that reflects the ongoing revolution in treatment.show more

laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery operative procedures based on the embryological anatomy of the fascial composition

makio mike

description

this unique guide describes colorectal surgery procedures using medical terminology and anatomical terms originating from embryology. in the last decade, laparoscopic procedures in gastrointestinal surgery have been enhanced and their safety has significantly improved. with the number of cases of colorectal cancer surgery increasing and laparoscopic surgery no longer considered a specialized surgery, the recognition of the correct anatomy is vital in these procedures. unfortunately, however, the understanding of clinical anatomy is frequently separate from that of basic surgical concepts. initially, the dissecting layer should be presumed to derive from the fascial anatomy based on embryological recognition. furthermore, the techniques currently being used by surgeons should be described in sufficient detail and the appropriate anatomical terms should always be used. in view of this, this valuable monograph benefits gastrointestinal surgeons and general surgeons who are involved in the treatment of colorectal cancer.show more

hernia surgery 2016 current principles

yuri w. novitsky

description

this textbook provides a state-of-the-art reference in the rapidly changing field of hernia surgery. with contributions by key opinion leaders in the field, this book describes the latest trends and detailed technical modifications for both routine and complex hernias. the reader will gain unique insights into robotic and laparoscopic repairs, anterior and posterior component separations, reconstructions in the setting of contamination, enterocutaneous fistulas and loss of abdominal domain. important contributions from key reconstructive plastic surgeons detail modern trends on how to deal with complex skin and soft tissue challenges. the textbook provides unparalleled step-by-step instructions to perform both routine and complex repairs by incredible illustrations, intra-operative color photographs and a unique video collection of procedures performed by today's top hernia surgeons.
as a comprehensive and most up-to-date reference to modern treatment algorithms, trends in prosthetic science and technique selections, hernia surgery: current principles will be an invaluable resource to all residents and practicing general, plastic, and trauma surgeons to help them succeed in the field of hernia surgery.show more

gastrointestinal bleeding 2016 a practical approach to diagnosis and management

aurora d. pryor

description

the latest edition of this text provides a practical reference for physicians and other health care providers caring for patients with gastrointestinal bleeding. similar to the previous edition, this volume addresses common problems associated with gastrointestinal bleeding and discusses in a logical and step-wise fashion appropriate options for patient care. the text is structured based on the location of bleeding, with common, rare and unknown sources being addressed. it also includes updated and new chapters focusing on the newest advances in imaging and interventional modalities in the care of patients with gi bleeding, as well as highly practical presentations of typical patients seen in clinical practice. written by world renowned experts in gastrointestinal diseases, gastrointestinal bleeding: a practical approach to diagnosis and management, second edition is a valuable resource in the management of gastrointestinal bleeding both for those currently in training and for those already in clinical practice.show more

emergency laparoscopy 2016

ferdinando agresta

description

this book provides up-to-date evidence on laparoscopic emergency surgery and supplies concrete advice on when and how to approach patients laparoscopically in an emergency setting. all the diseases elegible for emergency laparoscopy are addressed, and for each disease recommendations, levels of evidence, and technical key points are discussed and analyzed. diagnostic flow charts are included for cases in which laparoscopy turns out to be the final diagnostic step and the first therapeutic one. furthermore, problematic and positive aspects of the laparoscopic approach from the anesthesiologic point of view are fully explored. finally, a useful overview of current practice in hospitals across the world is provided, highlighting the varying applications in relation to different medical "cultures", skills, resources, and healthcare systems.show more

difficult decisions in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery 2016 an evidence based approach

j. michael millis

description

this book is part of a series covering surgical specialties. the volumes are multi-authored, containing brief chapters, each of which are devoted to one or two specific questions or decisions within that specialty that are difficult or controversial. the volumes are intended as a current and timely reference source for practicing surgeons, surgeons in training, and educators that describe the recommended ideal approach, rather than customary care, in selected clinical situations.show more

colon rectum and anus anatomic physiologic and diagnostic bases for disease management 2016

carlo ratto

description

this is the first volume in the new springer major reference work series entitled coloproctology. the book covers key topics in the anatomy and physiology of the colon, rectum and anus and the diagnosis of colorectal/anal diseases and disorders. it thus forms a sound basis for further volumes in the series that will focus on the treatment of more specific clinical conditions. the subjects addressed in the volume are crucial to effective patient management and the book highlights the fact that adequate diagnostic assessment of a given disease is significantly related to the pathophysiologic interpretation of the pathologic process. the purpose of the volume is to provide readers with up-to-date knowledge on colorectal and anal anatomy and physiology, particularly from a treatment perspective and to describe the methodology to be employed in choosing the best diagnostic work-up in coloproctology.show more

atlas of upper gastrointestinal and hepato pancreato biliary surgery 2016

pierre-alain clavien

description

the first edition of this book was judged by many to be the best available atlas of upper gastrointestinal and hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery. the second edition builds upon this success by covering all of the significant intervening developments, including both new procedures and adaptations of established techniques. the atlas opens with an introductory section on the basic principles of operative surgery. all of the important surgical techniques are then presented in a series of sections devoted to the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, the liver, the biliary system, portal hypertension, the pancreas, and the spleen. general, oncologic, and transplantation surgical procedures are described step by step with the aid of more than 900 superb illustrations drawn by a team of artists with extensive experience. the contributors were selected on the basis of their extensive experience in the procedures discussed and most are established educators.show more

current therapy in colon and rectal surgery

victor w. fazio

description

for more than 25 years, current therapy in colon and rectal surgery has been the go-to resource for preparing for the american board of surgery certification exam. following in this tradition, the 3rd edition offers a comprehensive, contemporary summary of treatment options for colorectal diseases, with a focus on practical clinical science and applications. in a single, portable volume, you'll find complete coverage of new diagnostic modalities, medical therapeutics, and surgical treatment options, including minimally invasive surgery. easy to read and digest, it provides a quick consultation with experts on the essentials of colon and rectal surgery.show more

operative standards for cancer surgery breast lung pancreas colon volume i

american college of surgeons

presented by the american college of surgeons and the alliance for clinical trials in oncology, the first comprehensive, evidence-based examination of cancer surgery techniques as standards distills the well-defined protocols and techniques that are critical to achieve optimal outcomes in a cancer operation. this unique, one of a kind collaboration between the american college of surgeons and the alliance for clinical trials in oncology focuses on best practices and state-of-the-art methodologies. operative standards for cancer surgery clearly describes the surgical activities that occur between skin incision and skin closure that directly affect cancer outcomes. key features *quickly grasp the proper technical elements of a cancer operation through clear, practical text and more than 120 illustrations.*benefit from careful analysis of the best evidence available in the literature, gathered here to create the highest quality standards in four key disease sites: breast, colon, lung, and pancreas.*
learn from experts drawn from diverse groups including the american college of surgeons, the alliance for clinical trials in oncology, the national cancer institute cooperative groups, and the commission on cancer, as well as national societies and organizations with an interest in these four cancer types.now with the print edition, enjoy the bundled interactive ebook edition, offering tablet, smartphone, or online access to:*complete content with enhanced navigation.*powerful search tools and smart navigation cross-links that pull results from content in the book, your notes, and even the web.*cross-linked pages, references, and more for easy navigation.*highlighting tool for easier reference of key content throughout the text.* ability to take and share notes with friends and colleagues.*quick reference tabbing to save your favorite content for future use.

operative techniques in liver resection 2016

lunan yan

this book presents the latest knowledge in liver resection. it includes preoperative assessment, hepatic vascular occlusion, live parenchyma transection, various liver resection techniques, liver transplantation, ex situ ex vivo resection, auto-transplantation, laparoscopic liver resection and outcome of liver resection. it describes 21 resection techniques in the same style. each chapter is built around a series of descriptive photographs and illustrations, which are explained in detail in the text. at the end of each section there are key points that are critical for surgeons performing liver resections. the authors share their extensive experience of liver resections. this book will help practitioners perform safe and expeditious resections and reduce postoperative liver failure. hepato-bilio pancreatic surgeons, hepatologists, radiologists, clinicians and researchers who are interested in liver surgery will find this book an invaluable guide.

principles of hepatic surgery

silvio marcio pegoraro balzan; vinícius grando gava

principles of hepatic surgery introduces the reader to current trends in liver surgery knowledge and practice. this reference book covers liver surgery fundamentals as well as cutting-edge progress in this exciting surgical specialty. contributions have been written by expert hepatic surgeons from major medical centers around the world.information organized into five comprehensive sections: i) liver anatomy and perioperative care, ii) approach to malignant hepatic disease, iii) approach to benign hepatic disease, iv) technical aspects of liver resections, and v) liver transplantationover 350 illustrations truly effective didactic text, with logical, clear explanations, giving readers a pleasant reading experiencecommentary sections written by experts for specific surgical cases.principles of hepatic surgery is a valuable reference for both novice hepatologists and practicing liver surgeons.

this item is non-returnable.

the ascrs textbook of colon and rectal surgery 2016

scott r. steele

this third edition text provides a completely revised and updated new version of this unique, modern, practical text that covers the strategic evaluation, specific approaches, and detailed management techniques utilized by expert colorectal surgeons caring for patients with complex problems-whether they result from underlying colorectal disease or from complications arising from previous surgical therapy. the format follows that of both a "how to" manual as well as an algorithm-based guide to allow the reader to understand the thought process behind the proposed treatment strategy. by making use of evidence-based recommendations, each chapter includes not only background information and diagnostic/therapeutic guidelines, but also provides a narrative by the author on his/her operative technical details and perioperative "tips and tricks" that they utilize in the management of these complex surgical challenges.
distinctive to this book, is the reliance on experts in the field including past presidents of the ascrs, as well as multiple other national and internationally recognized surgeons, to lend their personal insight into situations where data may be more sparse, but individual and collective experience is paramount to making sound decisions and thereby optimizing patient outcomes. the text includes chapters on the assessment of risk and methods utilized to minimize perioperative complications. in addition, it incorporates sections covering the medical and surgical therapies for abdominal, pelvic and anorectal disease. moreover, the technical challenges of managing complications resulting from the original or subsequent operations is addressed. the underlying focus throughout the text is on providing pragmatic and understandable solutions that can be readily implemented by surgeons of varying experience to successfully treat complex colorectal problems.
however, it also goes beyond the technical aspects of colorectal surgery and includes special sections highlighting the essence of a surgeon; covering aspects involving the medical-legal, ethical, and economic challenges confronting surgeons. throughout the text, each author provides an ongoing narrative of his/her individual surgical techniques along with illustrations and diagrams to "personally" take the reader through the crucial steps of the procedure, and key points of patient care inherent to that topic. additionally, where appropriate, links to online videos give the reader an up-front look into technical aspects of colorectal surgery.

colorectal surgery clinical care and management

bruce george; richard guy; oliver jones
>

using a case-based approach, colorectal surgery: clinical care and management provides practical, clinical and expert guidance to illustrate the best care and clinical management of patients requiring colorectal surgery for colorectal disease.

real-life cases illustrate the entire syllabus of gi/colorectal surgery, being specially selected to highlight topical or controversial aspects of colorectal care. cases have a consistent approach throughout and as well as outlining the actual management of each individual case, also offer an honest appraisal of the chosen management route, its successes and areas that could have been managed differently. pedagogic features such as learning and decision points boxes aid rapid understanding/learning, enabling the reader to improve their patient management.

in full colour and containing over 100 outstanding clinical photos and slides to support the cases, each section also covers recent developments/ landmark papers/ scoring systems and a thorough discussion of clinical management based on the major society guidelines from nice, ascrs and ecco.

reliable, well-written and perfect for consultation in the clinical setting, colorectal surgery: modern clinical care and management is the perfect tool for all members of the multi-disciplinary team managing patients suffering from colorectal disease, specifically gi surgeons, gastroenterologists, oncologists and general surgeons.

multimodality management of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer

katz, matthew h.g., ahmad, syed a. (eds.)

this volume provides the most comprehensive coverage of clinical management of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer available. authored by leaders in the field, the book focuses on current clinical management of this disease stage, the importance of multimodality treatment algorithms, and an interdisciplinary approach to care. surgical chapters are well-illustrated to provide surgeons and surgical trainees with important technical pearls. clinical trials and trial design are also discussed.

multimodality management of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer is a valuable resource for gastroenterologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgical oncologists, general surgeons, and trainees interested in the treatment of pancreatic cancer.

multimodal treatment of recurrent pelvic colorectal cancer

romano, giovanni (ed.)

this book analyzes all aspects of modern multimodal treatment of locally recurrent rectal cancer in the pelvis in order to offer a panoramic overview of the different therapeutic options and enable the reader to balance their benefits and drawbacks. indications for surgery and the surgical techniques themselves, including reconstruction techniques after major exenterative surgery, are clearly described and evaluated. the role of new imaging tools, such as mri and pet-ct, in staging recurrences and guiding therapy is assessed and detailed consideration is given to the use of neoadjuvant and iterative radiotherapy and the indications for systemic chemotherapy. morbidity, mortality, oncologic outcomes, and quality of life issues are carefully analyzed and options for pain control and palliation are examined. finally, a national survey is presented on the state of the art in the surgical treatment of locally recurrent rectal cancer in italy. while there has been a dramatic fall in the incidence of local pelvic recurrences, their treatment remains a major clinical challenge which requires a multidisciplinary approach and careful selection of the most appropriate strategy in each case. this book will aid practitioners in making the correct decisions in individual patients.